• Brampton, Ontario - 60C-499 Main St Soth L6Y1N7
  • Mississauga, ON - 6855 Meadowvale Town Center L5N 2Y1
  • Mississauga, ON - 100 City Centre Drive L5B 2C9
  • Brampton, ON - 499 Main Street South Unit 60 E L6Y 1N7
  • Don Mills, ON - 1090 Don Mills Rd, Suite 610 M3C 3R6
  • Kitchener, ON - 1375 Weber St E 1375 Suite 23 N2A 3Y7
  • Brampton, ON - 5 McMurchy Avenue North, Unit 2 L6X 2R6
  • Mississauga, ON - 3050 Artesian Dr Unit 10 L5M 7P5
  • Cambridge, ON - 250 Dundas St. South N1R 8A8
  • Cambridge, ON - 130 Cedar Street, Unit 35 N1S 1W4
  • Mississauga, ON - 3945 Doug Leavens Blvd Unit 104 L5N 0A5
  • (905) 453-3384 | Brampton, Ontario - 60C-499 Main St Soth
  • (905) 826-5900 | Mississauga, ON - 6855 Meadowvale Town Center
  • (905) 270-7206 | Mississauga, ON - 100 City Centre Drive
  • (905) 454-4010 | Brampton, ON - 499 Main Street South Unit 60 E
  • (416) 444-2281 | Don Mills, ON - 1090 Don Mills Rd, Suite 610
  • (519) 895-2665 | Kitchener, ON - 1375 Weber St E 1375 Suite 23
  • (905) 456-1252 | Brampton, ON - 5 McMurchy Avenue North, Unit 2
  • (905) 569-6667 | Mississauga, ON - 3050 Artesian Dr Unit 10
  • (519) 622-3199 | Cambridge, ON - 250 Dundas St. South
  • (519) 623-2400 | Cambridge, ON - 130 Cedar Street, Unit 35
  • (905) 785-3900 | Mississauga, ON - 3945 Doug Leavens Blvd Unit 104

Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination.  This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up.

A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums.  The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed.  The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters.  As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.

Your dentist or hygienist will use pocket depths, amount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, etc., to make a diagnosis that will fall into a category below:

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease.  Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.

Periodontitis

Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar).  As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth.  Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus.  The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily.  Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.

Advanced Periodontitis

The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed.  Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost.  Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.

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